The training of maintenance personnel for industry 4.0
Keywords:Industry 4.0, industrial maintenance, technical formation
Industry 4.0 (I4.0) is characterized by the incorporation of digital technologies into manufacturing processes, giving them flexibility and the ability to adapt in real-time. The development of this type of industry is considered a competitive factor worldwide. However, the maintenance of I4.0 requires the presence of competent technical personnel capable of carrying out tasks of improvement and maintenance of highly digitized manufacturing systems. The Tijuana-Tecate metropolitan area is home to the manufacturing industry in the electronic, biomedical, and aerospace sectors, among others. The presence of this industry is fundamental to the region's economic activities. The objective of the work was to identify the training needs associated with the effective exercise of maintenance activities of technical and engineering personnel working in local companies; as well as the strategies they follow to retrain, and update said personnel. In this exploratory work, a documentary review is carried out regarding the technical skills required for the development and maintenance of Industry 4.0, followed by a semi-structured interview with five members of the local industry responsible for industrial maintenance areas. The instrument investigated dimensions such as 4.0 technologies used, local availability of qualified personnel, required skills, internal training schemes, and strategies for the retention and development of personnel. Results show that interviewed companies do not collaborate with education institutions to meet the training and updating needs of the sector. It is also identified a delay in the implementation of industry 4.0 technologies in the local industry and the predominance of traditional maintenance models since only one company reports the use of reliability-based maintenance. Future work consists of expanding the study focusing on a single sector of the manufacturing industry and conducting in-depth interviews aimed at designing joint industry-academia activities to register training standards that result in the certification of specific competencies.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Patricia Avitia-Carlos, Alex Bernardo Pimentel-Mendoza, José Luis Rodríguez-Verduzco, Bernabé Rodríguez-Tapia
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