Influence of particle size distribution on the properties of cotton gin residue and urea formaldehyde resin particleboards

Authors

  • Luciano Gabriel Massons Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo para la Construcción y la Vivienda (CECOVI), Facultad Regional Santa Fe de la Universidad Tecnológica Nacional (UTN - FRSF), Santa Fe, Argentina https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5584-5903
  • Florencia Araceli Benitez Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo para la Construcción y la Vivienda (CECOVI)
  • Regina Rosario Piccoli Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo para la Construcción y la Vivienda (CECOVI)
  • Maria Fernanda Carrasco Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo para la Construcción y la Vivienda (CECOVI), Facultad Regional Santa Fe de la Universidad Tecnológica Nacional (UTN - FRSF), Santa Fe, Argentina https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5349-0969
  • Raul Esteban Puga Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo para la Construcción y la Vivienda (CECOVI)
  • Carlos Defagot Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo para la Construcción y la Vivienda (CECOVI)

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37636/recit.v7n1e315

Keywords:

Particleboards, Cotton gin waste, Urea formaldehyde resin, Particle size, Properties

Abstract

The present paper exposes the feasibility of producing particleboards with wastes from the cotton industry in northeastern Argentina, agglomerated with urea-formaldehyde resin, as an alternative to replace wood with lower-cost lignocellulosic waste, for there are no measures to achieve an efficient final disposal. The aim is to achieve particleboards suitable for the construction of housing enclosures and simple furniture. With the intention of optimizing boards behavior, the influence of the particle size distribution and their morphological characteristics on the mechanical properties, water resistance, and final quality of the boards is investigated. Three situations are compared: unclassified milled material, classified milled material, and classified remilled material, which constitutes single-layer boards with resin percentages of 11.9 %, 15.1 %, and 19.3 %. Results show that the use of finer particles increases the flexural strength (MOR) and the modulus of elasticity (MOE) by approximately 35 % compared to boards where larger particles are used. Swelling and water absorption decrease between 25 % and 70 % by using smaller particles. Boards made with smaller particles achieve better resin impregnation and simpler mixing processes, which result in better-cut quality and smoother surfaces. These results contribute to the identification of a final disposal with added value for abundant waste and an alternative raw material that can replace wood in the board manufacturing process.

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(a) Morphological characterization of residue in its natural state. (b) Morphological characterization of ground residue 16 mm sieve. (c) Morphological characterization of residue ground on a 3.5 mm sieve.

Published

2024-02-19

How to Cite

Massons, L., Benitez, F. A., Piccoli, R. R., Carrasco , M. F., Puga, R. E., & Defagot, C. (2024). Influence of particle size distribution on the properties of cotton gin residue and urea formaldehyde resin particleboards . REVISTA DE CIENCIAS TECNOLÓGICAS (RECIT), 7(1), e315. https://doi.org/10.37636/recit.v7n1e315

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