Analytical development of phenol derivatives in water using liquid chromatography
Keywords:Phenolic compounds, elution gradient, precolumn system, high performance liquid chromatography
A high-performance liquid chromatographic analytical method has been developed for the determination of chlorine and nitrophenols at trace level (µg/L) in water, using a reversed-phase elution gradient and an ultraviolet (UV) detector. A Solid Phase Extraction (SPE) method was employed, which involved the design of a two-dimensional pre-column system coupled with high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) in order to preconcentrate, purify and isolate the solutes in environmental aqueous matrices. These phenolic compounds are considered priority pollutants by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA); the compounds are 4,6-dinitro-2-methyl phenol, 2,4-dimethylphenol, 4-chloro-3-methyl phenol, 2,4-dichlorophenol, 2,4,6-trichlorophenol, and pentachlorophenol. The developed method is simple, fast, accurate, and precise. Recoveries greater than 90 % were obtained for the phenols 4,6-dinitro-2-methyl phenol, 2,4-dichlorophenol and 2,4,6-trichlorophenol, approximately 80 % for pentachlorophenol and 52 % for 2,4-dimethylphenol. In addition, an acceptable precision (CV ˂ 5 %) was obtained for all solutes at these concentration levels.
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Copyright (c) 2021 Alfonso Lemus-Solorio, María Elena Núñez-Gaytán, Ana María Núñez-Gaytán, Martha Angélica Lemus-Solorio, Sandra Núñez-Hernández
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