Experimental measurement of cavitation cloud density in a Slit Venturi


  • Alejandro Díaz Martínez Instituto Politécnico Nacional SEPI – ESIME. UP Azcapotzalco, Av. de las Granjas 682, Santa Catarina, Azcapotzalco, 02550 Ciudad de México, México https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3783-8056
  • Jesús Eduardo Rivera López Instituto Politécnico Nacional SEPI – ESIME. UP Azcapotzalco
  • José Luis Arciniega Martínez Instituto Politécnico Nacional SEPI – ESIME. UP Azcapotzalco
  • Carlos Alfonso Juárez Navarro Instituto Politécnico Nacional SEPI – ESIME. UP Azcapotzalco
  • Guadalupe Juliana Gutiérrez Paredes Instituto Politécnico Nacional SEPI – ESIME. UP Azcapotzalco
  • Gabriela Esmeralda Orozco Durán Instituto Politécnico Nacional




Venturi, Cavitation, Thoma Number, Cavitation coefficient, Reynolds number


In the present work, the experimental characterization of the formation and development of the cavitation cloud in different liquid temperatures 20, 30, 40, and 50 °C is reported. For this, a hydraulic installation was built whose main element is a Venturi tube with a rectangular section, with it, the necessary flow conditions were generated to form cavitation and measure the thermodynamic properties for the calculation of the Thoma and Reynolds adimensional numbers. The average bias error of the measurements did not exceed 1%, for this reason, the good quality of the calculation in the Thoma and Reynolds numbers was ensured. With the numbers of Thoma "σ" and Re, the different phases of the cavitation cloud were characterized, from incipient, quasi, developed, and supercavitation in the temperature range of the experiment, finding that the transition from incipient to developed cavitation is easier at room temperature since the flow rate will increase only 15.82% compared to the other temperatures. Finally, the density of the fluid in the temperature range of the test remained constant, since it did not vary more than 1%, so it did not affect the flow regime.


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Scheme experimental installation



How to Cite

Díaz Martínez, A., Rivera López, J. E., Arciniega Martínez, J. L., Juárez Navarro, C. A., Gutiérrez Paredes, G. J., & Orozco Durán, G. E. (2022). Experimental measurement of cavitation cloud density in a Slit Venturi. REVISTA DE CIENCIAS TECNOLÓGICAS, 5(4), 331–338. https://doi.org/10.37636/recit.v54331338

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